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Explanation & further information:


Achieving Best Evidence in criminal proceedings


Actual Bodily Harm: properly known as Assault Occasioning Actual Bodily Harm, AOABH, a statutory offence of aggravated assault in England and Wales,

Accommodated Child

A child who is voluntarily in the care of the Local Authority is 'accommodated', (Section 20, Children Act 1989). Any child who is ‘accommodated’ is a ‘Looked After Child’ (LAC).


Attention Deficit Disorder: also known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, a group of behavioural symptoms that include inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.


Asperger Syndrome is a form of autism, which is a lifelong disability that affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people.


Anti-Social Behaviour Order: a civil order to protect the public from behaviour that is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress, containing conditions prohibiting an individual from carrying out specific anti-social acts


Autism Spectrum Disorder a condition that affects social interaction, communication, interests and behaviour.


Black Minority Ethnic: terminology normally used in the UK to describe people of non-white descent


Building Successful Families a programme working with families affected by unemployment, poor housing, illness & disability, substance misuse and poverty

CA 1989

Children Act 1989

CA 2004

Children Act 2004


Common Assessment Framework


Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service


Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services


Children’s Centres provision required under the Childcare Act 2006


Child’s Care Plan (LAC): information from the assessment of a child’s developmental needs, other assessments of the child and family, including the health and personal education plans.


Child Death Overview Panel


Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre


Child Arrangement Orders: replace ‘residence orders’ & ‘contact orders’; decides where a child lives, when they spend time with each parent & details of other types of contact e.g. phone calls


Child in Need: children under 18 who need local authority services to achieve or maintain a reasonable standard of health or development, prevent significant or further harm to health or development or who are disabled.


Care Order: when a court puts a child under the care of a local Health and Social Care (HSC) Trust, sharing parental responsibility with the parents

Contact Centre

Child contact centres are neutral places where children of separated families can have supported or supervised contact with their non-resident parents and sometimes other family members

Core Groups

Core Groups are made up of professionals from differing agencies, including the Social Worker, who are responsible for implementing and monitoring a Child Protection Plan


Child Protection: The protection of individual children identified as either suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm as a result of abuse or neglect.

CP Conference

Child Protection Conference: brings together family members, the child (where appropriate), supporters/advocates and those practitioners most involved with the child and family to share information, assess risks and formulate a Child Protection Plan

CP Plan

Child Protection Plan: a child who has suffered, or is likely to suffer Significant Harm must have a Child Protection Plan, which has clear actions, timescales, how much improvement is needed, and by when. Formulated in CP Conference.


Child Protection Enquiry Team: The local authority must maintain a list of all those children who are/have been subject to a Child Protection Plan, and CPET can provide this information to practitioners where there are specific child welfare concerns or allegations


Crown Prosecution Service: responsible for prosecuting criminal cases investigated by the police in England and Wales


Child Protection in Sport Unit: a partnership of the NSPCC, Sport England, Sport Northern Ireland and Sport Wales to help minimise the risk of child abuse during sporting activities.


Care Quality Commission: the independent regulator of health and adult social care in England, ensuring safe, effective, and compassionate, high-quality care.


Community Rehabilitation Order: a sentence of 6 months – 3 years made by the courts for offenders aged 16 and over, to ensure they take responsibility for their offending.


Commission for Social Care Inspection: independent inspectorate for all social care services in England


Child Sexual Exploitation: where young people receive e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money as a result of them performing sexual activities.


Child Safety Order: to protect children under 10 who are at risk of becoming involved in crime; may require a child to be at home at certain times or to stay away from certain places or people.


Children, Young People and Families: portfolio of Sheffield City Council that provides services for children and young people


Community Youth Teams multi-agency teams supporting young people aged 8-19 years


Domestic Abuse, Stalking and Harassment risk assessment, identification and management, which now includes honour-based violence


Drug Action Team


Disclosure and Barring Service


Department for Education


Domestic Homicide Review: for someone over 16 who is killed by a person they are related to, in an intimate personal relationship with, or living with.


Department of Health


Data Protection Act


Designated Safeguarding Lead/Designated Safeguarding Deputy: specialist staff in schools and early years settings who deal with safeguarding issues for children and young people


Detention and Training Order: can be given to someone aged between 12 and 17, last from 4 months to 2 years; the first half is served in custody, the second half is served in the community.


Duty of Care: a legal obligation which is imposed on e.g. employers, staff and volunteers, to provide a reasonable standard of care and to prevent harm.

Duty to cooperate

Children Act 2004, section 10: agencies have a duty to cooperate to protect children and young people.


Domestic Abuse: known as domestic violence, spousal abuse, intimate partner violence, battering; behaviour by one person against another in a domestic or relationship setting.


English as an Additional Language


Every Child Matters: Government guidance which sets out the national framework for early assessment and intervention for children and young people


Exclusion Order: Family Law Act 1996 allows a perpetrator to be removed from the home, and can be included in an Interim Care Order or Emergency Protection Order in some circumstances.


Ethnic Minority & Traveller Achievement Service: works with schools and study support settings to raise the attainment & participation of young people and improve community cohesion.


Emergency Protection Order: made in court to protect a child from significant harm or if Section 47 Enquiries are being frustrated by urgent access to a child being unreasonably refused.


Education Welfare Officer; staff attached to schools to deal with non/low attendance of pupils


Early Years Foundation Stage: government standards for early years providers to ensure that children learn & develop, are kept healthy & safe, have the knowledge & skills to start school


Family Assistance Order: support to families experiencing difficulties after separation or divorce through a CAFCASS Officer or Social Worker, often in relation to facilitating & monitoring contact.  


Family Common Assessment Framework: early assessment of children & their families to identify support need; used across agencies working with families throughout the city.


Family Group Conference: a process led by family members to plan and make decisions for a child who is at risk. Children can be involved although often with support from an advocate. To be provided in Sheffield 2016/17 through the Youth Offending Service.


Female Genital Mutilation: procedures which include the partial or total removal of the external female genital organs for non-medical or non-therapeutic reasons


Forced Marriage: a marriage in which one or both spouses do not (or, in the case of some adults with learning or physical disabilities, cannot) consent to the marriage and duress is involved.


Forced Marriage Protection Order: to protect a person who is being threatened with a forced marriage, or is in a forced marriage, e.g. to stop someone being taken out of the UK.

Fraser Guidance

Fraser guidelines: A doctor can give contraceptive advice and treatment providing that the girl under 16 will understand his advice; will not allow her parents to be informed; is very likely to continue having sexual intercourse; and her physical &/or mental health are likely to suffer.


Gillick Competency: under Fraser guidelines the girl should understand the nature of the advice which is being given and have a sufficient maturity to understand what is involved.


General Practitioner


Grooming: when someone builds an emotional connection with a child or young person to gain their trust for the purposes of sexual abuse or exploitation; either online or in the real world, by a stranger or someone they know; male or female; any age.


Home Detention Curfew:  or 'tag', is a scheme that allows certain offenders to be released from prison early subject to an electronically monitored curfew.


High-Functioning Autism


Improving Access to Psychological Therapies psychological treatments to help people who are stressed, low in mood or very nervous.


Interim Care Order: awarded by a court to allow time for a child safety and welfare to be investigated further and plans to be made. The judge will decide how long the interim care order will last and how often it will be reviewed.


Integrated Domestic Abuse Project, now Sheffield Domestic Abuse Co-ordination Team


Independent Domestic Violence Advocacy Service:  a Sheffield service providing impartial advice and support to high risk victims of domestic abuse

Info sharing

Information Sharing: the sharing of information between family, agencies and professionals in the best interests of the child or young person, including issues of consent and confidentiality.


Independent Reviewing Officer: to monitor how the local authority treats children and young people in care and makes sure their views and wishes are heard when decisions and plans are made about their care.


Joint Investigation Team, Sheffield City Council, CYPF


Keeping Children Safe in Education: Statutory guidance for schools and colleges about safeguarding children and young people in their care, latest edition is 2015


Kinship Care: The care of children by relatives or close family friends


Local Authority


Looked After Child: A child in the care of the local authority, living with either foster parents, at home with their parents under the supervision of social services or in a residential children's home.


Local Authority Designated Officer: deals with allegations against staff, volunteers and carers who work with children, on behalf of the Local Authority


Learning Difficulties and Disabilities

List 99

A confidential document with details of teachers whose employment has been barred or restricted, see Disclosure & Barring Service Referral Guidance: Frequently asked questions


Local Safeguarding Children Boards


Multi-Agency Allocation Meeting: a meeting that considers the Common Assessment for a child and their family and advises on which services are available


Multi-Agency Pregnancy Liaison Assessment Group


Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements


Multi-Agency Risk Assessment Conference (for high-risk victims of domestic abuse)


Multi-Agency Support Team: advice and support service for families


Missing Young Person


Not in Education, Employment or Training


National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence


National Offender Management Service


Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills


Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984


Primary Care Trust


Personal Social and Health Education


Personalised Education Plan (LAC): for a looked after child to enable them to fulfil their educational potential including existing education plans, such as a statement of special educational needs, Individual Education Plan (IEP) or Provision Mapping.


Personalised Learning Plan: Education plan drawn up between school, parent/carer/child to provide a curriculum which meets their aptitude and ensures their progression


Public Law Outline / Proceedings: timescales for care, supervision and other family proceedings.


Police Protection Order: if Police believe that a child is likely to suffer significant harm, they can move them to suitable accommodation (or prevent removal from) & keep them there for 72 hours.


Parental Responsibility: the rights, duties, powers and responsibilities a parent has to their child and the child’s property.


Private Fostering: a private arrangement about the care of a child under the age of 16 (or under 18 if disabled) by someone other than a parent or close relative, intending to last 28 days or more.


Person Posing a Risk


Public Protection Unit: a dedicated police team that deal with crimes of Domestic Abuse, Honour Based Violence, Hate Crime, Rape and Serious Sexual Assault.


Parental Responsibility Agreement


Parental Responsibility Order


Prohibited Steps Order: prohibits a person with Parental Responsibility from carrying out a particular act in relation to a child, e.g. moving house


Public Law Outline: judicial protocol regarding the process for care proceedings


(Sheffield) Runaways Action Group: key agencies working with children and young people who run away or go missing from home, accountable to the Sheffield Safeguarding Children Board


Request for Support - MAST

Risk Assessment

The process of assessing whether or not a person or situation may present a risk to the welfare of a child or young person


Residence Order: a court order deciding the arrangements about which adult a child will live with. 


Serious Case Review: undertaken by the Local Safeguarding Children Board where a child has died or been seriously harmed and there are concerns about how agencies have worked together


Section 17, Children Act 1989: Provision of services for children in need, their families and others


Section 47, Children Act 1989: Local authority’s duty to investigate.

S8 Orders

Section 8, Children Act 1989: Residence, contact and other orders with respect to children.


Sexual Assault Referral Centre


Sheffield Child Death Overview Panel


Special Educational Needs: learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for a person to learn than others of the same age


Special Education Needs and Disability


Special Guardianship Order, Children Act 1989: an order appointing one or more individuals to be a child's 'special guardian'

Sig. harm

Significant Harm: the threshold that justifies compulsory intervention in family life in the best interests of children, including Physical, Sexual, Emotional Abuse and Neglect


Supervision Order: Sections 31 and 32 of the Children Act 1989


Sex Offender Prevention Order: civil preventative orders designed to protect the public from serious sexual harm.


Sheffield Outreach Team: providing intensive community treatment and support to adults with severe and enduring mental health problems who have complex needs.


Supporting Others Through Volunteer Action

Specific Issue Order

An order to determine a specific question which has arisen or which may arise in connection with any aspect of parental responsibility for a child (see section 8 orders above)


Sheffield Social Care Assessment for social workers to assess whether a child is ‘in need’ (Section 17, Children Act 1989) or ‘at risk of significant harm’ (Section 47, Children Act 1989).


Sheffield Safeguarding Children Board: relevant organisations in Sheffield working together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people & provide an effective service.


Special Needs Inclusion Playcare Service

Strat meeting

Strategy Discussion: A meeting or discussion to decide whether a Section 47 Enquiry under the Children Act 1989 is required and if so, to develop a plan of action for the Section 47 Enquiry.


Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy: See Sheffield Child Death Overview Panel


Social Worker for Prevention and Intervention, based in the Multi-Agency Support Teams


Team Around the Child (meetings under the Common Assessment Framework, now known as Team around the Family, see below)


Team around the Family: meetings held under the Family Common Assessment Framework


Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Child: children under 18 years who are seeking asylum, but not living with their parents, relatives or guardians in the UK. Local authorities have a duty of care


UK Border Agency: now replaced with UK Visas and Immigration, see below


UK Human Trafficking Centre


UK Visas and Immigration: responsible for deciding who has the right to visit or stay in the UK


Unlawful Sexual Intercourse: sexual intercourse between a man and a girl under the age of 16


Vulnerable Adults Risk Management Model a multi-agency approach to supporting vulnerable adults with mental capacity that may be refusing services or making unwise choices which are affecting their health and well being.


Vetting and Barring Scheme, now replaced with Disclosure and Barring Service


Violent and Sex Offender Register: the secure database that holds details of MAPPA offenders


Working Together to Safeguard Children: guidance about the requirements of agencies to safeguard and promote the welfare of children; monitored by Local Safeguarding Children Boards


Youth Justice Board: oversees the youth justice system in England and Wales; an executive non-departmental public body, sponsored by the Ministry of Justice.


Youth Offending Service, now known as Youth Justice Service


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